Archaeological dating wiki

Archaeological dating wiki

These scholars individuated nine different cities that had overlapped with one another, from prehistory to the Hellenistic period. The interests and world-view of elites are often quite different from the lives and interests of the populace.

An example of a

Even within a literate civilization many events and important human practices are not officially recorded. Writings that were produced by people more representative of the general population were unlikely to find their way into libraries and be preserved there for posterity.

The material record may be closer to a fair representation of society, though it is subject to its own biases, such as sampling bias and differential preservation. The literacy even of aristocrats has sometimes been restricted to deeds and contracts. For example, if a context is sealed between two other contexts of known date, it can be inferred that the middle context must date to between those dates. Petrie was the first to scientifically investigate the Great Pyramid in Egypt during the s. In many societies, literacy was restricted to the elite classes, such as the clergy or the bureaucracy of court or temple.

Thus, written records tend to reflect the biases, assumptions, cultural values and possibly deceptions of a limited range of individuals, usually a small fraction of the larger population. An example of a practical application of seriation, is the comparison of the known style of artifacts such as stone tools or pottery.

Thus written records