University of Michigan Press

Anfore terracotta online dating

Much speculation arises, however, as the gods held a wide variety of contexts in Italy. It is suggested that this building had served as a rain catchment and the water collected here would have been impounded into a cistern.

The Reservoir was used as a public reserve and dated from before the arrival of the colony. The houses elsewhere in the colony that have been excavated are only half as wide as the large houses surrounding the forum. Dyson holds that these evolving styles and similarities reflected the influence of the larger Hellenistic Mediterranean world that Rome was beginning to dominate. The Curia is used for the proper assemblies of the magistrates, while the Comitium was most likely used for public events, assemblies, funerals, and speeches.

The Comitium at Cosa is a fairly new discovery and shows many similarities to Rome. During the last years of the Second Punic War, Cosa was able to construct its first purely religious building within the Forum, the Capitolium. This consisted of the curia proper and possibly a records office. Its moldings are similar to the building traditions of Etruscan and early Roman architecture.

The building also showed that terracottas

On the arx were two temples, one the triple-cella building dubbed the Capitolium of Cosa, the other a smaller temple. The smaller houses are those of the ordinary colonists, with clear parallels at Pompeii and elsewhere. However, to make sure he could build it, he replicated the concept of the Comitium and the Curia by placing a temple to Venus at the top of the theater with steps that doubled as seating. They suggest various phases of temple decoration and redecoration and include among others pedimental structures and revetment plaques.

There are several layers of Curia with the original starting as a small two story building. The temple has thus been attributed to Jupiter, both Minerva and Hercules being offspring of the god. Finally, deposits of the different cresting subtypes showed that two pediments could carry different decorative schemes permanently and concurrently. Once the Square had been reconstructed, the Curia was rebuilt into its second form.

The polygonal masonry of its podium closely related to that of the town walls. The building also showed that terracottas could remain in one place for a long time or be replaced by units made in the original molds. The temple walls rose from a high podium, its steps oriented on the axis of the Via Sacra.

The exact meaning behind this find is undetermined, the source of much controversy and skepticism. Though mainly a religious center, there is some evidence of Republican housing. It was published in full by E. The Curia was then expanded into a larger building with three halls.

This was the Comitium of Cosa. It is possible that the intermittent nature of the occupation of the town was due to the fact that, already in the early Empire, malaria was hyperendemic on the coast of Tuscany. There are a few possibilities as to what the larger houses meant in the grand scheme of the colony. This was preceded by a terraced forecourt. The new cisterns were created as a response to the demand of the Forum, which was used as both a daily marketplace as well as a common gathering ground.

However, this form only lasted for fifteen to twenty years before new spaces were required. The forum was found on a saddle between two heights, with the sacred area, with the Capitolium, linked to it by a broad street. The larger houses were found on the forum and the main processional streets. The Comitium steps, which lead up to the Curia, appear to have been stone from the beginning. Approaching from this forecourt, one would have faced continuous steps across the entire facade.

The polygonal masonry of its